Beekeeping journal

Bee trap preparation with natural wax as taken from our journal.

Beekeeping journal for 2019 in Hilton, South Africa. Yours of course will look quite different, but we all need to keep proper records.

It is the only way to enable you to look back, and say, yes, that was good, or no it wasn't.

  1. Bernard Preston
  2. How to start beekeeping
  3. Beekeeping journal

"Spectacular achievement is always preceded by unspectacular preparation."
- Robert H. Schuller

This page was created by Bernard Preston on 15th April, 2019. I used to do this years ago, and then got lazy.

Updated last on August 7th.

January to March here in the Midlands of KZN, mid-summer, is our low season. There's not much in flower, certainly no surplus of the beekeeper, but our pets tick along.

Feeding kept bees with a solution of honey of water to stimulate the queen to lay.

March 26 and 29: Feed the colonies 500 ml x2 of sugar syrup (50/50) to stimulate the queen to start laying.

April 6: Beekeeping Open day - an unexpected 60 beginners arrived to find out how to start beekeeping.

We harvest 24 frames of only partially capped honey to demonstrate how to uncap honeycomb and use the extractor. The honey was perhaps slightly green but passed one of the two tests to assess whether it was sufficiently mature to harvest.

A manufacturer gave me ten supers for my trouble; he was delighted with the turnout. We help each other in life.

Beginner's day for beekeepers.

April 9: It is a hot day, so I put the dry cappings into the solar wax extractor. I need foundation comb.

April 15: Bottled 25 jars of honey. 500 grams. The honey was dark, with a very pleasant taste, but not eucalypt; probably blackjack weeds and general multiflora.

April 16: Noticed that the bees in colony 9 are clustering at the entrance; they are preparing to swarm, and I must split them.

April 16: Rendered wax from the solar extractor to Evenrun Apiaries. R45 for 8 sheets of brood foundation wax.

Beekeeping journal

Beekeeping journal is very important for proper records so that you know whether you're succeeding in what you're doing; yours will look very different, of course, but the principles are the same.

If you don't keep a record of what you do, and analyse everything, you've no idea whether you're succeeding in your manipulation of the hives.

April 19: It is still too early in the flow for a proper harvest. There were only 9 fully capped frames in all 10 hives, and my extractor needs 24. Alas one swarm has absconded and needs to be replaced.

Soon there will be swarming bees.

May 11: An Indian summer continues late this year, with rain and heat unexpected this deep into autumn. The gum trees are not flowering properly yet; patience is a virtue, and meantime there is plenty of plenty of backyard permaculture to keep me out of mischief. This morning I must go out and forage for food for the worm farms from the greengrocer.

May 18: The honey flow has definitely started, albeit slowly. Today I robbed 24 frames from 4 hives; that is the number the extractor will take.

First fruits of the honey flow in 2019.

June 3: All beekeepers in the Midlands are complaining about a very indifferent winter honey flow this year. Some say their production is down by over 80%. Perhaps because of feeding in the late summer dearth, I have only a half to complain about.


Far more important to the ecology of the planet, and of course our food, is pollination by bees.

One in three mouthful that we swallow are pollinated by bees.

With some plants, like nuts, you get virtually no crop without pollination by insects. Farmers have to hire about 10 hives per hectare from a beekeeper during the flowering stage in order to get a full harvest of macadamia or almonds, for example.

With such a high concentration of hives, there's very little honey to be harvested.

Bee pollinating a poppy flower.

Opium farmers in Afghanistan also need bees, I suppose! Thank you Lorraine Harrison for these magnificent photos.

Bee flying back to the hive from a poppy flower.

You can follow several different modus operandi harvesting honey.

Smelling good

Nectar directly from the flower is very dilute, so the bees have to concentrate it to reduce the water content down to about 16%. You'll see them at the entrance to the hive fanning madly; a wonderful scent fills the apiary as many phytochemicals are driven off, giving the beekeeper an indication that it's time to check out the hives.

June 27: Perhaps there will be a late winter flow this year; it's smelling good in the garden and the bees are getting fierce again. Do they have something to defend from the robber?

July 28th: Yes, a very nice harvest but I made the mistake of waiting too long again. It's midwinter and some of the honey has crystallised in the comb.

Set honey

Some talk of set honey but we use the term crystallisation. It is a supersaturated solution so in the cold weather ours turns very hard.

The consumer is not fond of rock-solid crystallised honey, so I cream the lot; then it stays soft like peanut butter.


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It is a simple process really using a paddle set in a powerful drill. I can do about 10kg at a time, for about two minutes, so it is not onerous.

One does need to be mindful though. That spinning paddle could flay your hand if you allowed the bucket to drift.

Creamed honey does add value, commanding a higher price and we just prefer it ourselves. It does not drip off the toast and trickle down to the elbows like watermelon juice.

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56 Groenekloof Rd,

Hilton, KZN

South Africa