Modus operandi harvesting honey will vary enormously according to your circumstances; are you extracting the honey in your kitchen, or do you have a dedicated room?
If you have two hives, then it's unlikely that you have a dedicated honey room. You will want to rob both of them, get everything processed and the kitchen clean, or you'll be in trouble from the boss.
So, you'll don your overalls and veil, gloves and smoker and venture forth to the hives. Take a wheelbarrow and an empty super with you.
Having kitted up and got the smoker burning properly, then smoke gently around the entrance of both hives. Wait for a while, giving them time to ingest honey and quieten down. Repeat a few times.
Using your hive tool, gently pry off the outer lid, and then the inner cover, taking your time so as not to upset the bees, and smoking around and into the gap.
Smoke down between the frames and, starting in the centre where there's most likely to be honey, pry out a frame, check it and gently shake the bees off back into the box. Then blow off any of the angry critters that you can see, and place the frame into an empty super on the wheelbarrow.
Remove all the frames that are at least two thirds capped, going down through the supers, and replacing with the frames from above that are not yet ready to be harvested.
Try to remove a whole super at least, if possible.
This page was last updated by Bernard Preston on 19th May, 2019.
Then move onto the second and third hives, consolidating the frames that are not completely capped. You can easily move them from one box to the other, aiming for full supers on one hive, even if you can't achieve it, so you don't have to reopen it.
Barrow the honeycomb to the kitchen; no more than three supers to save your back. Blow off as many bees as you can before taking them inside.
Uncap the frames, place them in the extractor and spin out the honey; you may need to turn them a few times if you don't have a radial extractor, otherwise the combs may break.
Before the extractor gets too heavy, raise it onto a shelf and drain off the honey, straining it through a coarse sieve and pouring it into a bottling tank, if you have one.
I no longer strain it through muslin as I want the pollen to remain in the honey; it helps with allergies.
Once all the frames have been extracted, trundle them down to the bee hives and replace the now empty combs.
Allow the honey in the bottling tank to settle for a few days, scrape off the scum that rises to the top, and bottle.
Clean the kitchen meticulously or you will no longer be welcome!
Modus operandi harvesting honey is completely dependent on your circumstances; are you robbing 2 hives or 300? Do you have a dedicated honey room, or will you be using the kitchen to process the combs?
By the time you get to ten hives, you will want to have a dedicated room where you can extract the honey and not infuriate the lady of the house.
Or, are you the lady of the house?
You can harvest the honey from all ten hives before starting to uncap and extract. Then you will have to work late into the night to get everything done. You would want to complete the extraction before the honey becomes cold and difficult to remove from the combs.
I do it differently. My extractor holds 24 frames, so I open a few hives and remove exactly the number needed, and process them immediately.
It takes about half an hour in the electric radial extractor for most of the honey to be centrifuged out. Having strained the honey through a coarse sieve, and poured it into the bottling tank, I can go to bed.
The following afternoon, I will take the now empty honey combs down to the apiary and, as I rob the next hives, I'll replace the full honey combs with those extracted the day before; this saves a huge amount of work and means you don't need to disturb the bees twice.
You may be doing your beekeeping in a built up area; in the suburbs, or even on the roof tops of high rises. Did you know that city honey is better than that from the agricultural areas. It's far less likely to be contaminated with Roundup, or the pollen from GMO crops.
The pressure within the bottling tank slowly forces bubbles and many of the tiny bits of wax that have penetrated the course sieve to the surface; you can then scoop it off.
Then you have the option of keeping liquid honey, or creaming some of it.
Creamed clover honey is a world favourite.
Once you reach 100 hives you have a little business that should produce a turnover in the region of R300,00 with a tidy supplement to primary occupation. It's getting to the stage where you have to make a decision. Do you go full time beekeeper and quit your other job?
The most I've ever had is 54 hives, so this is rather speculative.
It's now getting more difficult to produce raw honey.
During the flow you will be harvesting honey several times a week; to get it filtered, settled and bottled before it sets really requires another pair of hands.
Does the good wife have an interest in the family business. Could she do the marketing? Selling 5000 pound jars is a job in itself.
The modus operandi harvesting honey remains much the same, only on a much larger scale. Harvest the honey from 10 hives, say, uncap, extract, strain and get all of it into settling tanks.
The following day, you take 15 odd empty supers and harvest the next 10 hives, replacing the full frames with empty ones as you go. You really need an extra 15 supers of combs.
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