Are beans very starchy is a question often heard; what are the facts?
Here is 100g of a mixture of limas and broad-beans, after podding, that I reaped from the garden this morning; that is half a cup. Just what will they do to your blood glucose?
Will they make you fat?
This page was last updated by Bernard Preston on 8th January, 2023.
As a rule of thumb, half a cup of beans contains about 15g of starch; much of it is in the form of fibre that is not digested in
the small-intestine. The net carbs are low.
In comparison much of a slice of commercial bread which also contains about 15 grams of starch would be absorbed in the small-bowel causing a blood sugar surge; but instead most of the carbs in your fresh green beans pass through to the colon. I cannot vouch for those that have been dried in the sun or are from a can.
Humans incidentally have a very long small-intestine compared to other primates; we are able to absorbe glycemic carbohydrate efficiently, turning it into glucose and storing it as fat.
But the carbohydrate in legumes is what is known as resistant-starch; instead most is fermented in the colon, provided you have an adequate normal flora, known as the microbiota in scientific jargon. Those are the friendly bacteria and yeasts that break down the fibre which escapes digestion and absorption as glucose in the small intestine.
In comparison half a cup of pumpkin contains about 5g; one-third of the starch. Leafy greens are not dissimilar; again much is fibre.
An apple, 1/2 cup of cooked carrots and butternut also contain 15g of carbohydrate; and corn too. That's about the same as the so-called very starchy beans.
One cup of milk or unsweetened-yoghurt contains about 12g of carbohydrate; all will be absorbed in the small intestine.
can of beer contains about 15g of starch and a cola 40g. Avoid
artificial sweeteners, by the way; they are even worse than sugar when
it comes to insulin-resistance and the wellness of the microbiome.
One slice of bread also contains about 15g.
comparison one-slice of cheesecake contains 33g of starch and 22g of
sugar; 55g altogether, about the same as in two whole cups of beans, but unlike legumes that would not be resistant. All would be absorbed in the small intestine immediately causing a surge in blood glucose.
Whilst most folk can easily stop at half a cup of beans, a popular website says, "hardly anyone can resist a second slice of cheesecake." (2) There is the double-rub; or should that be squared? Sugar is highly addictive.
Are beans very starchy and should we be avoiding them if we want to lose weight or are diabetic?
So yes, all legumes do have some carbohydrate but you are never likely to pig-out on beans like you might on cheesecake; and it is nutritious resistant starch that will hardly affect your blood glucose.
If you are frankly diabetic then test yourself. We all react differently to various starches. Part of the secret is to understand how net carbs work; the fibrous fraction does not raise your blood-glucose.
It seems that we are set on cereals for breakfast; but they certainly are starchy, far more so than beans and will significantly raise blood-glucose and the risk of diabetes. Especially since they are highly refined and have added sugar.
Many breakfast-cereals are just cracked biscuits.
For some years we have rather been enjoying Eggs Florentine for breakfast; poached on a bed of spinach, and often with a slice of buttered or pan-fried toast. It has almost no effect on blood sugar, is delicious and quick to make and supplies amazing satiety; you don't constantly feel hungry.
Having said that, the toast is made from "real" bread baked with 100% wholemeal that we grind ourselves; all three streams of the bran, germ and flour .
The allicin-benefits in the onions certainly also counteract any possible negative effects for diabetics.
A wonderful upgrade has been the addition of limas and favas as they are often known, since beans are marginally starchy but have little effect on blood-glucose. Understanding net carbs is what it's all about.
First fry an onion in butter, add a hot-pepper and the green beans; after a couple minutes pop the sliced spinach into the pot. Pour on a few tablespoons of water and then when lightly steamed, drop in the eggs.
One of the great joys of fava-beans is their dopamine; it hits the hunger centre of the brain and you will not feel famished for the rest of the day.
Are beans very starchy? No, only mildly so and in comparison with cheesecake they are low in carbohydrate.
I will admit that beans out of a can, or days old from the greengrocer may be another story. I am making a case for those grown in your own garden, or freshly-picked from a farmers' market.
Eggs Hilton is our daily breakfast. I give it much of the credit that we take no medication and, in our mid-seventies both of us are vigorous and strong. It contains all four of the very important vitamins that are needed to prevent frailty syndrome.
The key to frailty-syndrome is prevention, not a cure. Is granny too getting those four vitamins?
Much of the focus in the media surrounds the question are beans very starchy, and are they fattening? No, they are not. What is the glycemic response to legumes is another question you may be asking?
But just as important is that many of the fad diets are encouraging you rather to get your protein from red meat or heaven-forbid a shake.
It is a rather invidious decision that you have to make; are you going to avoid legumes because you are concerned about whether beans are very starchy, and might make you fat, and are you going to embrace vegetable high in protein, and lower the risk of getting metastatic tumours, or are you going to eat more meat?
Type "vegetable high in protein" into Site Search in the menu bar above for more information.
Drying these blanched broad beans before freezing will give us a supply for the whole year.
For me it is a no-brainer. Enjoy legumes daily and keep cheesecake for high and holy days; and one slice only.
said all of that, if you are morbidly obese, then you have to get all
of your carbohydrate under 50g per day, and the starchy-beans must also
come into the spotlight.
Recent research published in Lancet declares that low carb diets favouring animal-derived protein and fat were associated with a higher mortality, but if you get them from legumes, avocados and olives, and whole-grain breads, for example, it was associated with a lower death rate. (3)
In short if you are going to follow a low carb diet, which I recommend incidentally, make sure the fats and protein include a significant percentage that are plant-based; like beans.
Are beans very starchy? Yes, they are and that is why they are so important in your diet.
What is low carb you may be asking? If your body mass index is less than say about 27, then keep your starch well below 150g per day. If it is above-30 then you should be looking at well under 100g, and perhaps than 50 and even less if you are diabetic.
Cutting your carbs to less than 20g per day, half a cup of beans, for a week will enable you to shed pounds very quickly. Legumes supply satiety, as will increased fat, so that you will not feel famished; remember that dopamine in favas but really you have to grow them yourself.
I find it absolutely fascinating that in all five blue zones, where ten times as many people live to strong and vigorous old age, they grow and eat fava-beans. No ketogenic diet fan will ever convince me that they are bad for you; but old and starchy they are dreadful.
There are credible questions being asked about anti-nutrients like phytates. I confess my mind is not made up on the subject, but they are found in much larger amounts in dried beans. I far prefer them green, straight from the plant in any case so it is not for me an issue.
However they are central to one of the many ketogenic-diets.
For those still concerned about the effect beans may have on their blood-glucose levels, there is interesting research that beetroot and its juice too delayed the glycemic response after a starchy meal, and reduced the peak.
Then I would recommend looking for recipes with beetroot and beans.
If you are concerned about the starch in beans, and perhaps we all should be then taking a short walk after meals would be beneficial. In any case, researchers have found that those enjoying five strolls per week, twenty minutes each, had 43% fewer days with upper respiratory infections; and the symptoms were far less severe.
It's all about chronically raised blood glucose.
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