Sprouting chickpeas helps to reduce controversial antinutrients that supposedly inhibit the absorption of important minerals from your food; if you are intent on reducing your reliance on meat for protein this may be an important step.
Before any seed will grow in the garden or a pot, it will send out a tiny shoot that goes looking for light, and then turns green; roots will appear and it's ready to turn into a plant.
As a general rule, sprouted seeds contain even more vitamins and certain phytochemicals. For example, fava beans contain twice as much levodopa and carbidopa after sprouting(1); that's hugely important for those suffering from Parkinson's disease, and reliant on this legume for the medication.
In general sprouted seeds contain more vitamins, and especially C and some of the B complex. In particular, provided you use unchlorinated spring or rain water for rinsing them, they will be completely free of toxic chemical pesticides; that alone is a good reason for sprouting chickpeas.
I confess to being unconvinced of the seriousness of so-called anti-nutrients like lectins that do inhibit the absorption of certain minerals from your food; in comparison with their vital role in providing us with more vegetable protein, I consider the risk to be inconsequential. It's just an anecdote, but recently when donating blood, I was told my iron levels are very good; that despite eating little red meat and reliant on fish and fowl, and vegetables for minerals; consuming huge amounts of nuts, seeds and legumes has certainly done me no harm.
However, we can reduce these potential risks by first soaking, and then secondly sprouting our legumes.
Sprouting chickpeas to make an even better hummus; it's a basic food in Middle Eastern countries using primarily garbanzo beans, as they are known in the USA, and a sesame seed paste; it thus contains all the essential amino acids.
Place a couple pounds of dried chickpeas into a bucket and fill near the top with unchlorinated water; toss in a couple slices of lemon to acidify the liquid.
Leave it to stand for 24 hours, rinsing several times, and making sure the chickpeas remain covered with water; you'll be surprised how much they absorb.
Place your chickpeas in a large glass bottle with a wide neck; cover it with gauze and use two rubber bands to secure it in place. Invert the jar in a wide shallow bowl with two sticks under the mouth so that any water can drain out.
Fill the bottle with water at least once a day, swish it about and again invert.
At about the third or fourth day tender young shoots will start to appear.
Another day and I will ready to pressure cook our sprouting chickpeas.
Now is the time to pressure cook your sprouted chickpeas for about half an hour.
Place them in the pressure-cooker, again cover with boiling water as they continue to expand, and bring them up to 2.
Rinse several times using a collander after they have cooled, allow to dry, and then freeze them in small packets; you'll have them instantly available to make hummus, or soup, or falafel, chickpea burgers or to thicken your stews.
Then you will have frozen sprouting chickpeas instantly ready.
Read here for more about freezing chickpeas.
This whole process may seem tiresome and boring to you. I make no apology; you either spend time preparing healthy food for your family, or you'll spend ten times as much consulting doctors and purchasing expensive drugs with nasty side effects.
Chickpeas are a rich source of minerals such as iron and calcium, so you would want to minimise the effect of the antinutrients that inhibit their absorption; soaking, rinsing and sprouting chickpeas is the solution; some go further and ferment them.
If you are diabetic, or on the way with a raised HbA1c that measures the average level of your blood glucose over several months, then I recommend you use a glucometer to measure your sugar before a sprouting chickpea rich meal, 30, 60 and 120 minutes later; four little pricks on your fingers.
Since I am prediabetic I do it all the time, and hummus in the context of whole meal does nothing abnormal to my blood glucose; yours could be different. In general diabetics respond well to a diet rich in chickpeas.
In short these amazing legumes are a cheap and simple way of improving your health; we enjoy at least a couple pounds per month, for two people, mostly as hummus that we have daily with a large green salad.
Don't get me wrong; we are not vegetarians but we are trying to limit our red meat consumption.
Chickpeas are the world's favourite protein, and for good reason. They are relatively cheap, have zero cholesterol and plenty of 'resistant starch'. Instead of giving an instant surge in blood sugar, the carbohydrate is fermented largely in the large intestine producing short chain fatty acids instead of glucose.