The cooking time for dried beans can be greatly reduced under pressure; concern about anti-nutrients comes into the equation. Whether to soak them overnight also gets the chefs arguing.
Some people find that dried beans soaked before cooking give less gas and bloating.
The pressure-cooker wins hands down when weighing the cooking time for dried beans.
Pressure-cookers save time and energy; that also means it's good for the busy chef and the planet.
Lower down on this page we'll discuss the whole issue of anti-nutrients but for the present we recommend you pressure-cook your dried beans in the water you have soaked them in; they really do taste better.
Whether you should keep the cooking liquid or not depends on your total lifestyle; retaining the water certainly improves the flavour. So what's the problem?
The answer is a very controversial subject; these anti-nutrients do inhibit the absorption of minerals in your beans. If your lifestyle is good, your overall diet excellent and you exercise regularly you need have no fear of lectins and phytates.
But for those whose diet is less than excellent, where minerals are likely to have been refined out of their food, then rinsing the legumes to remove the anti-nutrients is advisable. They have already accepted that their are meals are less tasty so it should not be an issue.
All are agreed incidentally that the flavour of dried beans in cans is second rate.
Cooking time for dried beans depends on whether you soak them or not; and the size of the legume. You can prepare lentils in a jiffy.
These dried fava beans take a good half hour to pressure cook even if you soak them.
It's been a hard lesson for us to learn; saving our own bean seeds has been eminently worthwhile. They cross with other varieties and gradually become far better suited to our area than those purchased from the gardening centre; length of harvesting and resistance to disease, for example.
You save a lot of money having your own seeds too.
Few of us have the desire to give up meat entirely. Yet we know that all the research is pointing to those who are over-reliant on animals for protein are also less resilient in the face of disease.
Those living in the so-called Blue Zones of the world where longevity is the word all regularly enjoy beans and peas as part of their diet.
Also farmers can grow ten times as much protein on an acre of ground by planting beans instead of keeping cattle; and they use a fraction of the water and produce no greenhouse gases.
Within a few short decades almost all humans will be forced to become flexitarian; eat meat perhaps once or twice a week and rely on legumes for their protein. Understand the issues surrounding the cooking time for dried beans will be core to making this change of lifestyle.
Green legumes have far less lectins; given the choice they are always the better option. And the cooking time for dried beans is much longer.
Green beans taste better too; much nicer than those dried favas above that we retain mainly for seed now.
These green favas are from just two plants; no worries about cooking time for beans. Only five minutes is needed; they taste better too.
In a mild climate you can have green pole, lima or broad beans in every month of the year; not in Chicago though.
Broad beans also known as favas incidentally, are one of the richest sources of vegetable protein; and uniquely are able to help patients with Parkinson's disease.
They are the only common source of L-dopa.
So freezing green beans over cooking them when dried is our first choice if you cannot grow them all year round.
Those with a tremor should know about freezing broad beans in any case so they would have a daily supply of dopamine from their food.
Dopamine is also known as the happy hormone; it would do none of us any harm to enjoy them regularly. In all five Blue Zones where longevity is the word they grow and eat them.
Learning how to make a vegetable garden trellis, the use of rhizobia to inoculate their roots and the benefit of the nitrogen capture from the atmosphere by legumes all make gardening with beans and peas central to backyard permaculture.
Get started if it is your desire to live a long and zestful life, resistant to the many diseases that plague us today.
These pole beans will be a wonder within a few weeks.
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